Model Design and Building
- Study and understand the requirements for personal
safety when using such modelmaker hand tools such as:
knife, scissors, handsaws, scratch awl, hammer,
screwdriver, files, hand drills and drill bits, pliers,
and wire cutters. Know what precautions to take when
using flammable or hazardous products such as: glue,
epoxy, paint, thinner, and paper protective equipment
such as goggles to be used when grinding or drilling.
Discuss why they are important before you begin your
- Explain the uses for each of the following types of
models: architectural, structural, process, mechanical,
and industrial. Do research into the different types of
materials that could be used in making these models.
- With your counselor's advice, select a subject from
requirement 4 for your model project (no kits). Prepare
the necessary plans to the proper scale, a list of
materials to be used, and a list of the required tools.
This model should be your own original work. Tell why
you selected this subject.
- Do ONE of the following:
- Architectural Model: Build a scale model of a house
you select to a scale of 1/4"=1'0" (50:1 metric).
Discuss with your counselor the materials you intend
to use the amount of detail required, house outside
treatment (finish, shrubbery, walks, etc.) and color
selections. After completion of the model, present
it to your counselor for approval.
- Structural Model : Build a model showing corner
construction of a wood frame building to a scale of
1 1/2"=1'0" (8:1 Metric). All structure shown must
be to scale. Cardboard or flat sheet woodstock may
be used for sheeting or flooring on the model.
Review with your counselor the problems you
encountered in gathering the materials and
supporting the structure. Be able to name the parts
of the wall section, such as stud, sole plate,
bridging, rafter, subfloor, girder, and joist.
- Process Model: Build a model showing the plumbing
system in your house. Show hot and cold water
supply, all waste returns, and venting to a scale of
3/4"=1'0" (15:1 Metric). Talk to your counselor
about how to begin this model, present the scale and
the materials you will use. After completion,
present the model to your counselor and be prepared
to discuss any problems you had building this model.
- Mechanical Model: Build a model of a mechanical
device that should use at least two of the five
simple machines. After completion of the model,
present it to your counselor. Be prepared to discuss
materials used, the machine's function and use, and
any particular difficulty you may have encountered.
- Industrial Model: Build a model of an actual
passenger-carrying vehicle to a scale of 1"=1'0"
(10:1 or 25:1 Metric). Take the dimensions of the
vehicle, and record the important dimensions. Draw
the top, front, rear, and sides of the vehicle to scale.
From your plans, build a model of the vehicle to scale.
From your plans, build a model of the vehicle and finish
in a craftsmanlike manner. Discuss with your counselor
the most difficult part of completing this model.
- List at least six occupations in which modelmaking is
used and discuss with your counselor some career
opportunities in this field.