- Name four breeds of livestock in each of the following
classifications: horses, dairy cattle, beef cattle,
sheep, hogs. Tell their principal uses and merits. Tell
where the breeds originated.
- List the principal diseases in your area that afflict
the animals in each classification. Describe the
symptoms and explain the proper treatment for the
diseases you list.
- Explain the major differences in digestive systems or
ruminant and nonruminant animals.
- Tell how you would properly manage a cow, sheep, horse,
or hog, including adequate feeding. Tell what must be
done to prevent illness, blemishes, defects, and disease
arising from improper and unsanitary conditions.
- Tell about three career opportunities in livestock
- Complete ONE of the following options:
- Tell how a cow or goat converts forage and
grain into milk.
- Make a chart showing the ingredients in cows'
milk or goat's milk. Chart the amount of each.
- Tell the difference between certified and
pasteurized milk. Tell how milk is pasteurized.
- Tell about the kinds of equipment and health
standards for dairy farms.
- Visit a dairy farm or milk processing plant.
Tell about your visit.
Beef Cattle Option
- Visit a farm or ranch where beef cattle are
produced under any of these systems:
Talk with the operator. Tell how the cattle
were handled, fed, weighed, and shipped.
- feeding market cattle for slaughter;
- producing feeder cattle for sale to commercial
- producing purebred cattle for sale as breeding
stock to other breeders.
- Sketch a plan of a feedlot, hay and grain
storage facilities, and loading chute for 30 or
more fattening steers, or a corral plan with
cutting and loading chutes for handling 50 or
more beef cows and their calves at one time.
- Submit a sketch showing the principal wholesale
and retail cuts of beef. Tell about USDA dual
grading system of beef. Tell about the grades
in each system.
- Visit a farm where hog production is a major
project, or visit a packing plant or stockyard
handling hogs. Describe your visit.
- Outline in writing the proper feeding from the
breeding or gilt or sow through the weaning of
the litter. Discuss the growth and finishing
- Make a sketch showing the principal wholesale
and retail cuts of pork. Tell about the
recommended USDA grades of pork. Tell the basis
for each grade.
- Make a sketch of a useful saddle horse barn and
- Tell the history of the horse and the benefits
it has brought to man.
- Tell about the following terms: mustangs,
quarterhorse, pinto, draft, gelding, calico,
palomino, pacer, trotter, filly, mare,
stallion, colt, and foal.
- Visit a horse farm. Describe your visit.
- Keep management records on a brood of 20 chicks
(sexed or straight run) for five months. Record
feed consumption, medication, mortality, and
vaccination. Present the records for review.
- Do ONE of the following:
- Manage an egg-production flock for five
months. Keep records of feed purchased,
eggs sold, and mortality. Present records
for review. Tell about the grading of eggs.
- Raise 20 chicks, poults, or ducklings.
Keep records of feed intake and weight
gains. Present records for review. Kill
and dress two birds. Tell about the
grades of poultry.
- Make a sketch of a live lamb. Show the location
of the various wholesale and retail cuts.
- Make an exhibit and explain four blood grades
(American) of wool. Tell how wool is processed
from shearing to the finished product.
- Visit a farm or ranch where sheep are raised.
Tell about your visit, including the feeding
- Describe some differences between the
production of native and range lambs.